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FROST Protection: fundamentals, practice and economics

Last modified April 26, 2010 09:34

Announcement of a new FAO publication, in Spanish. FROST Protection: fundamentals, practice and economics. Environment and Natural Resources Series. No. 10.

Announcement of a new FAO publication, in Spanish.

FROST Protection: fundamentals, practice and economics. Environment and Natural Resources Series. No. 10.

Richard L Snyder University of California, Atmospheric Science, Department of Land, Air
and Water Resources - Davis, California, USA

J. Paulo de Melo-Abreu Technical University of Lisbon, Instituto Superior de Agronomia (ISA) Departamento de Ciencias do Ambiente Apartado 3381, 1305-905 Lisboa, Portugal

Translation by: Josep M. Villar-Mir Departamento de Medio Ambiente y Ciencias del Suelo Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieria Agraria University of Lleida, Cataluna, Spain 

This publication describes the physics and biology of frost occurrence and damage, passive and active protection methods and how to assess the cost-effectiveness of active protection techniques. Nighttime energy balance is used to demonstrate how protection methods are used to reduce the likelihood of frost damage. Simple methods and programs are provided to help predict temperature trends and to help determine the timing for active methods. Plant physiology related to freeze damage and critical damage temperatures for a wide range of crops and ornamentals are presented. Finally, an economic analysis program with examples is included to assist users to evaluate cost-effectiveness of various active methods. Although the book contains considerable technical information, it was specifically written for growers rather than scientists as a practical guide for frost protection. Concepts of probability and risk of frost damage are reviewed, and information is provided to help readers make economic decisions about frost protection. Computer application programs (in Microsoft Excel) are included to help simplify complex calculations; sample calculations are presented in the text. FROST Protection: fundamentals, practice and economics (in Spanish) -

Volume 1 HTML: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/y7223s/y7223s00.htm

PDF: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/y7223s/y7223s.pdf

FROST Protection: fundamentals, practice and economics (in Spanish) - Volume 2 HTML:
http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/y7231s/y7231s00.htm

PDF: http://www.fao.org/docrep/012/y7231s/y7231s.pdf

Full document (in Spanish), including MS-Excel formulas: ftp://ext-ftp.fao.org/SD/Reserved/Agromet/Frost%20Protection/Spanish/

Full document (in English), including MS-Excel formulas: ftp://ext-ftp.fao.org/SD/Reserved/Agromet/Frost%20Protection/English

Michele Bernard,i Climate Impact Team Climate, Energy and Tenure Division (NRC) Natural
Resources Management and Environment Department

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN www.fao.org 

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