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Environment and Sustainability

Last modified December 01, 2008 11:01

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One crop, two ways, multiple benefits — Last modified February 17, 2016 08:48
Nitrogen fixation is one of the best examples of cooperation in nature. Soil microbes – naturally occurring bacteria in the soil – work with plants to pull nitrogen from the air. They turn the nitrogen into a form the plant is able to use. In return, the plant lets the microbes eat some of the sugars it makes.
Tree rings reveal growing synchrony — Last modified February 12, 2016 09:27
Conifers in Spain and Siberia are growing more in synch as climate changes. That's according to researchers from Spain and Russia, who analysed tree ring-widths for the last 120 years.
Warm nights could flood the atmosphere with carbon under climate change — Last modified January 15, 2016 15:21
The warming effects of climate change usually conjure up ideas of parched and barren landscapes broiling under a blazing sun, its heat amplified by greenhouse gases. But a study led by Princeton University researchers suggests that hotter nights may actually wield much greater influence over the planet’s atmosphere as global temperatures rise — and could eventually lead to more carbon flooding the atmosphere.
Forest monitoring technology for REDD+ is good to go — Last modified January 11, 2016 08:29
Technology is now available to meet the measurement and monitoring objectives of the UN’s REDD+ (reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation) mechanism. That’s according to Scott Goetz and colleagues at the Woods Hole Research Center, University of Maryland and Center for Global Development, all in the US, in the first paper in Environmental Research Reviews, a new section in Environmental Research Letters (ERL). Representatives from the team are present at the COP21 meeting in Paris.
Increased deforestation could substantially reduce Amazon basin rainfall — Last modified December 21, 2015 14:30
Continued deforestation of the Amazon rainforest could diminish the amount of rain that falls in the Amazon River basin, finds a new study. These declines in rainfall could potentially alter the region’s climate, disrupting rainforest ecosystems and impacting local economies, according to the study’s authors.
Impacts of European livestock production: nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and greenhouse gas emissions, land-use, water eutrophication and biodiversity — Last modified December 14, 2015 08:34
Impacts of European livestock production: nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and greenhouse gas emissions, land-use, water eutrophication and biodiversity
Regulations needed to identify potentially invasive biofuel crops — Last modified December 02, 2015 09:20
If the hottest new plant grown as a biofuel crop is approved based solely on its greenhouse gas emission profile, its potential as the next invasive species may not be discovered until it's too late. In response to this need to prevent such invasions, researchers at the University of Illinois have developed both a set of regulatory definitions and provisions and a list of 49 low-risk biofuel plants from which growers can choose.
Robust relationship between yields and nitrogen inputs indicates three ways to reduce nitrogen pollution — Last modified December 02, 2015 09:06
Understanding the decline in nitrogen-use efficiency with increasing nitrogen inputs helps us understand the dilemma between increased agricultural production and nitrogen pollution, according to Benjamin Leon Bodirsky and Christoph Müller.
Greenery to Citizens! -- Urban Agriculture in Yokohama City, Kanagawa Prefecture — Last modified November 02, 2015 09:13
The city of Yokohama in Kanagawa Prefecture is an ordinance-designated city with a population of 3.7 million. The city has a lot of sightseeing spots such as Chinatown and Minato Mirai district, which has many commercial facilities. As it takes only about 30 minutes by train from Tokyo Station to Yokohama Station, the city also plays a role as a bedroom suburb of Tokyo.
Water for everyone — Last modified September 16, 2015 11:05
Water for everyone
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