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Environment and Sustainability

Last modified December 01, 2008 10:01

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Conservation scientists asking the wrong questions when considering the impacts of climate change on wildlife — Last modified August 17, 2014 16:24
Scientists studying the potential effects of climate change on the world's animal and plant species are focusing on the wrong factors, according to a new paper by a research team from the Wildlife Conservation Society, University of Queensland, and other organizations. The authors claim that most of the conservation science is missing the point when it comes to climate change.
Saving seeds the right way can save the world's plants — Last modified August 13, 2014 11:58
Exotic pests, shrinking ranges and a changing climate threaten some of the world's most rare and ecologically important plants, and so conservationists establish seed collections to save the seeds in banks or botanical gardens in hopes of preserving some genetic diversity.
Japanese Institute to develop Forest Management System called E-Forest — Last modified August 13, 2014 11:58
The Mie Prefecture Forestry Research Institute is researching and developing a system known as e-forest, a forest management system that simplifies forest management plans and regenerates healthy forests. The study period is scheduled to last five years, from fiscal 2010 to 2014.
Towards a new view of sustainable development: human well-being and environmental stress — Last modified July 21, 2014 10:48
The finding that emissions are decoupled from increased well-being is not only of scientific interest, it could also inform policy discussions, say Thomas Dietz and Andrew K Jorgenson.
Why we can halve fertilizer use — Last modified July 21, 2014 09:15
When it comes to fertilizing crops, many farmers take the attitude that too much fertilizer is better than too little. But unfortunately this excess fertilizer has negative consequences for the environment, impacting water quality, air quality, climate and ecosystem health. A new study reveals that fertilizer use could be halved without any loss in global food production. Meanwhile, food production could be increased by around one third if the excess fertilizer was redistributed and applied to nitrogen-poor soils.
Smithsonian scientists find that vines choke a forest's ability to capture carbon — Last modified June 11, 2014 09:16
Tropical forests are a sometimes underappreciated asset in the battle against climate change. They cover 7% of land surface yet hold more than 30% of Earth's terrestrial carbon. As abandoned agricultural land in the tropics is taken over by forests, scientists expect these new forests to mop up industrial quantities of atmospheric carbon. New research by Smithsonian scientists shows increasingly abundant vines could hamper this potential and may even cause tropical forests to lose carbon.
New research shows humans have more impact on tropical nitrogen levels — Last modified May 30, 2014 07:56
A new paper co-written by four University of Montana researchers finds that humans have more than doubled tropical nitrogen inputs.
How did Australian drylands cause record land carbon sink in 2011? — Last modified May 30, 2014 07:53
Each year, scientists assess how much carbon the ocean, land and atmosphere absorbed. In 2011 land took up the largest amount of carbon since measurements began in 1958 – 4.1 Petagrammes (Pg) compared with the decadal average of 2.6 Pg. Now an international team has discovered that the bulk of this uptake was due to plant growth in dry regions of the southern hemisphere, particularly Australia.
Key role of China and its agriculture in global sustainable phosphorus management OPEN ACCESS — Last modified May 27, 2014 09:04
Key role of China and its agriculture in global sustainable phosphorus management. S Z Sattari, M K van Ittersum, K E Giller1, F Zhang and A F Bouwman.
A tradeoff frontier for global nitrogen use and cereal production — Last modified May 27, 2014 09:01
A tradeoff frontier for global nitrogen use and cereal production. Nathaniel D Mueller, Paul C West, James S Gerber, Graham K MacDonald, Stephen Polasky and Jonathan A Foley1748-9326/9/5/05400210.1088/1748-9326/9/5/054002.
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