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Needs for agrometeorological solutions to farming problems

Last modified September 26, 2008 09:25

Here we have discussions on problems for which operational solutions with agrometeorological components are highly required, but not yet or incompletely available, or available but not applied. Here pre-publication information may be exchanged and experiences swapped on possible services, research, training/extension and policies related to food security, on-farm and market related. [Discuss items for this section with the President or the Vice-president.]

Intricacies of technology and weather factors associated with livelihood of farmers in India — Last modified November 22, 2010 13:44
Agricultural growth in India averaged 2.5% in the past five years. This pales in comparison to the 10% growth achieved by manufacturing and services in the same period. Agriculture, in fact, touched a terrible low between 1997 and 2008 with 182,936 farmers committing suicide according to government records (see also Stigter, 2010). The returns from agriculture are paltry in comparison to other vocations. Let us consider some figures. Between 1997 and 2007, the salaries of government employees increased by over 150 %, but the farmer could manage only a 25% increase in the prices of his/her produce.
Desert farming - The peasant perspectives of climate change — Last modified August 23, 2010 08:16
Where did all the waters go, wondered the old as well as the middle aged. This used to be a common recipe. The articulate ones reminisced that awesome flows of a middle order rivulet in a South Indian state knocked down a crowded passenger train crossing a rail bridge killing as many as 500 passengers. This was in 1963. Mohan Reddy Vishwavaram, FORUM FOR TROPICAL WATER, Hyderabad, India.
Farmers' perspectives on a changing climate — Last modified October 30, 2009 11:28
Around the world farmers are reporting that the seasons are changing. Seasons are becoming hotter and drier, rainy seasons shorter, more violent and increasingly erratic, and some temperate seasons are disappearing altogether.
Reply to M&Gs reaction — Last modified October 16, 2009 15:17
This is a reply to the text “The biotic pump physics is maturing to a novel theory of atmospheric circulation: Everybody’s invited!” by Makarieva and Gorshkov, published on 13-10-2009 on this site, in reaction to “A ‘Forests as biotic pump’ hypothesis discredited due to errors in basic atmospheric physics” by Stigter and Meesters, published on 8-10-2009.
The biotic pump physics is maturing to a novel theory of atmospheric circulation: Everybody’s invited! — Last modified October 13, 2009 09:34
Horizontal ocean-to-continent moisture transport is of vital importance to humanity, hence the recently proposed biotic pump theory, which suggests a major role for forests in this mechanism, has provoked widespread notice and debate. Here we address some criticisms and report on recent advances of the theory. A new field of research awaits capable newcomers from ecology, meteorology and physics.
A "Forests as biotic pump” hypothesis discredited due to errors in basic atmospheric physics — Last modified October 08, 2009 14:48
The role of vegetation cover in the earth hydrological cycle remains controversial and difficult to model. Land cover change affects regional climate through impacts on the surface albedo and radiative forcing, partitioning of available energy between sensible and latent heat, boundary layer temperature, moisture profile and depth, and the partitioning of rainfall between evaporation and runoff (Pitman et al., 2009). Local people in many partially forested regions believe that forests “attract” rain, but climatology has no scientific explanation for that believe (Stigter, 2010). There is some evidence that the presence of extended tracts of forest (e.g. in the humid tropics) promotes inland transport of moisture. The most important mechanism in this regard seems to be the recycling of moisture by the forest (e.g. Salati and Vose, 1984; Meesters et al., 2009).
Insurer Sompo Japan Introduces National Green Purchasing System for Agencies — Last modified October 01, 2009 10:57
Among these commitments, attention is being especially focused on how a company takes advantage of its core business activities to develop CSR financing, such as "weather index insurance," a type of insurance designed to respond to the effects of climate change.
"Monsoon playing truant with us?" OR "We are playing truant with monsoon?" — Last modified July 16, 2009 10:34
Cocoa and climate change: can the lame help the blind? — Last modified November 04, 2008 14:33
Climate change, this blind force acting with changing rainfall patterns and amounts, and with increasing temperatures, influences cocoa production most often negatively. In many places, with more and also more aggressive extreme events and higher climate variability as well, this becomes worse. Indeed, it appears as if in quite some places the vulnerability of cocoa production to adverse climatic conditions will be exacerbated (e.g. Anim-Kwapong and Frimpong, 2005). Definitely, that is, if no or too little action is taken.
Better Farming - Better Air: A scientific analysis of farming practice and greenhouse gases in Canada — Last modified July 27, 2009 09:44
A phrase taken from the concluding paragraph of this outstanding book sums up perfectly the spirit of the publication: we must restore the vision of “seeing our farmlands not as resources to be spent, but as a home in which we live, whether we reside there or not.” This statement is precisely in accord with what eminent American ecologist, forester and environmentalist Aldo Leopold wrote. He said, “We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us.
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