Is Elm Good for Firewood And How Does it Compare to Other Firewood?

Growing up, I remember the comforting crackle of firewood in our family’s fireplace during chilly winter evenings. The warmth, the aroma, and the dancing flames were always a source of joy.

Over the years, I’ve tried various types of wood, each with its unique characteristics. Elm, in particular, always intrigued me. Is it a good choice for firewood? How does it compare to the other woods I’ve experienced?

Being a hardwood means the tree has the potential to burn longer than softwoods. However, whether Elm is considered “good” for firewood depends on various factors and personal preferences.

Let’s explore its potential together.

Main Characteristics


Elm trees, once abundant, have faced challenges over the years, especially from the Dutch Elm Disease. However, they remain a significant part of many landscapes. It is a hardwood, which means it’s denser and can burn for longer periods than softwoods.

It has a distinct interlocking grain, which makes it resistant to splitting. This characteristic, while beneficial for woodworking, can pose challenges when used as firewood. Its moisture content is also relatively high, even when seasoned.

This means it can produce more creosote, a flammable residue that can accumulate in chimneys and pose a fire hazard.

How to Prepare It Properly for Burning?

To get the best out of Elm as firewood, proper seasoning is crucial. Seasoning refers to the process of allowing wood to dry out, reducing its moisture content. For Elm, this process can take longer than other woods due to its high moisture content.

It’s recommended to split the logs and let them dry for at least a year, preferably two, before burning. This ensures a cleaner, hotter burn with less creosote production.

Burning Properties

When choosing firewood, understanding how it burns is essential. Elm has some unique burning properties that set it apart.

Heat Output and Burn Time

Elm, being a hardwood, has a decent heat output. However, it doesn’t quite match up to other hardwoods like Oak or Hickory in terms of BTUs (British Thermal Units). It produces around 20 million BTUs per cord, while Oak can produce around 24 million.

Despite this, its burn time is relatively long, thanks to its dense nature. This makes it a good choice for those looking for a long-lasting fire, albeit with slightly less heat.

Flame and Coziness Factor

Elm produces a moderate flame with a pleasant crackling sound, adding to the ambiance of a fireside evening. The flame might not be as vibrant as some softwoods, but it’s consistent and can create a cozy atmosphere.

Due to its high moisture content, it can sometimes produce more smoke and sparks than other woods. Proper seasoning can help mitigate this.

Comparison With Other Popular Firewoods

Comparison With Other Popular Firewoods

To truly understand Elm’s place in the firewood hierarchy, it’s essential to compare it with other popular choices.

Elm vs. Oak

Oak is often hailed as one of the best firewood. It’s dense, has a high heat output, and burns for a long time. Compared to Elm, Oak has a slight edge in terms of BTUs and produces less creosote. However, Oak can be harder to split due to its density.

Both woods require proper seasoning, but Elm might need a bit longer due to its moisture content.

Elm vs. Pine

Pine is a softwood, making it less dense than Elm. It ignites quickly and produces a vibrant flame, making it excellent for kindling. In terms of heat output, Pine falls short of Elm, producing fewer BTUs.

Pine can produce a lot of creosote, especially if not properly seasoned. This makes Elm a safer choice for those concerned about chimney buildup.

Environmental Considerations

Environmental Considerations

In today’s world, it’s essential to consider the environmental impact of our choices. Using Elm as firewood is no exception.

Sustainability of Elm Harvesting

These trees have faced significant threats from diseases like the Dutch Elm Disease, which has decimated populations in many areas. Harvesting them for firewood from affected trees can be a way to make use of trees that would otherwise go to waste.

It’s crucial to ensure that healthy Elm trees are not being cut down indiscriminately for firewood. Sustainable harvesting practices should prioritize diseased or already fallen trees.

Carbon Footprint and Emissions

Burning wood releases carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. The carbon released is roughly equivalent to the amount absorbed by the tree during its lifetime, making it carbon neutral. Elm, like other woods, follows this principle.

However, due to its high moisture content, burning it can produce more smoke, which contains particulate matter harmful to air quality. Proper seasoning and ensuring a hot burn can help reduce these emissions.

Practical Tips for Efficient Usage

Practical Tips for Efficient Usage

If you’re considering using Elm as your firewood, some practical tips can enhance your experience.

Stacking and Storing

Given its high moisture content, it’s crucial to store it properly. Ensure that the wood is stacked in a place with good airflow and is protected from direct rain or snow. Using a woodshed or a covered storage area can be beneficial.

Elevate the bottom layer off the ground to prevent moisture absorption and rot. Regularly check the wood for signs of mold or pests.

Mixing Elm with Other Woods

One effective way to use Elm is to mix it with other types of firewood. Combining it with a high-heat wood like Oak can balance out the heat output. Using a softwood like Pine for kindling can help ignite the Elm logs more easily.

The Verdict: Is It Worth It?

Aspect Elm Firewood
  • Long burn time suitable for extended fireside sessions.
  • Availability, especially in areas affected by the Dutch Elm Disease, makes it cost-effective.
  • Provides a consistent and cozy flame when properly seasoned.
  • High moisture content leads to creosote production.
  • Requires diligent seasoning.
  • Might not produce as much heat as some other hardwoods.


Can Elm be used for both indoor and outdoor fires?

Yes, it can be used for both indoor fireplaces and outdoor fire pits. However, due to its tendency to produce more smoke when not properly seasoned, it’s essential to ensure good ventilation, especially when used indoors.

How does Elm’s aroma compare to other woods when burned?

It has a distinct, mild aroma when burned, which some people find pleasant. It doesn’t have the strong piney scent of softwoods or the rich smell of woods like cherry, but its subtle fragrance can add to the ambiance of a fireside evening.

Is Elm resistant to pests and insects when stored?

Elm, like many hardwoods, is relatively resistant to pests compared to softwoods. However, it’s always a good practice to regularly inspect any stored firewood for signs of insect activity or mold, especially if it’s been stored in a damp environment.

Can Elm be mixed with other types of wood in a single burn?

Absolutely! Many firewood users mix it with other hardwoods to balance out its characteristics. For instance, combining it with a higher BTU wood can enhance the heat output, while using a quick-igniting softwood can help start the fire more easily.

How does Elm ash compare to other woods? Is it beneficial for gardens?

Elm produces a moderate amount of ash when burned. Like many hardwood ashes, its ash can be beneficial for gardens as it contains essential nutrients and can help neutralize acidic soils.

However, it’s essential to ensure that the ash is cool and free from any unburned residues before using it in the garden.

Are there any specific tools recommended for splitting Elm due to its interlocking grain?

Due to its interlocking grain, it can be more challenging to split it than some other woods. Using a sharp, heavy splitting maul or a hydraulic wood splitter can make the task more manageable.

It’s also beneficial to split Elm when it’s freshly cut, as it can become even harder to split as it dries.

The Bottom Line

In conclusion, Elm can be a valuable addition to your firewood repertoire, especially if sourced sustainably. While it might require a bit more preparation and care than some other woods, its unique characteristics can offer a rewarding fireside experience.

Like all things, understanding and respecting its nature is the key to making the most of Elm as firewood.